India loses 'Bharat Ratna' Abdul Kalam




A tribute to 'Bharat Ratna' ('Missile Man' APJ Abdul Kalam)

Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam (15 October 1931 – 27 July 2015) was the 11th President of India from 2002 to 2007. A career scientist turned reluctant politician, Kalam was born and raised in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu and studied physics and aerospace engineering. He spent the next four decades as a scientist and science administrator, mainly at the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and was intimately involved in India's civilian space program and military missile development efforts.[1] He thus came to be known as the Missile Man of India for his work on the development of ballistic missile and launch vehicle technology.[2] He also played a pivotal organizational, technical and political role in India's Pokhran-II nuclear tests in 1998, the first since the original nuclear test by India in 1974.[3]




Kalam was elected President of India in 2002 with the support of both the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party and the opposition Indian National Congress. After serving a term of five years, he returned to his civilian life of education, writing, and public service. He received several prestigious awards, including the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian honour.


While delivering a lecture on Livable Planet Earth at Indian Institute of Management Shillong on 27 July 2015, Kalam suffered a severe heart attack at around 6:30 p.m IST. He was rushed to the Bethany Hospital in a critical condition; despite efforts to revive him, he died of cardiac arrest at 7:45 p.m IST


contributions of Abdul Kalam as a scientist?



  • Kalam started his career by designing a small helicopter for the Indian Army, but remained unconvinced with the choice of his job at DRDO.
  • Kalam was also part of the INCOSPAR committee working under Vikram Sarabhai, the renowned space scientist.[9] In 1969, Kalam was transferred to theIndian Space Research Organization (ISRO) where he was the project director of India's first indigenous Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV-III) which successfully deployed the Rohini satellite in near earth orbit in July 1980.
  • Joining ISRO was one of Kalam's biggest achievements in life and he is said to have found himself when he started to work on the SLV project.
  • Kalam first started work on an expandable rocket project independently at DRDO in 1965. In 1969, Kalam received the government's approval and expanded the program to include more engineers.
  • In 1963–64, he visited Nasa's Langley Research Center in Hampton Virginia, Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland andWallops Flight Facility situated at Eastern Shore of Virginia.
  • During the period between the 1970s and 1990s, Kalam made an effort to develop the Polar SLV and SLV-III projects, both of which proved to be success.
  • In the 1970s, Kalam also directed two projects, namely, Project Devil and Project Valiant , which sought to develop ballistic missiles from the technology of the successful SLV programme. Despite the disapproval of Union Cabinet, Prime Minister Indira Gandhi allotted secret funds for these aerospace projects through her discretionary powers under Kalam's directorship.Kalam played an integral role convincing the Union Cabinet to conceal the true nature of these classified aerospace projects.
  • His research and educational leadership brought him great laurels and prestige in 1980s, which prompted the government to initiate an advanced missile program under his directorship.
  • Kalam and Dr. V. S. Arunachalam, metallurgist and scientific adviser to the Defense Minister, worked on the suggestion by the then Defense Minister, R. Venkataraman on a proposal for simultaneous development of a quiver of missiles instead of taking planned missiles one by one.R Venkatraman was instrumental in getting the cabinet approval for allocating 388 crore rupees for the mission, named Integrated Guided Missile Development Program (I.G.M.D.P) and appointed Kalam as the Chief Executive.
  • Kalam played a major part in developing many missiles under the mission including Agni, an intermediate range ballistic missile and Prithvi, the tactical surface-to-surface missile, although the projects have been criticised for mismanagement and cost and time overruns. 
    He was the Chief Scientific Adviser to the Prime Minister and the Secretary of Defence Research and Development Organisation from July 1992 to December 1999.
  • The Pokhran-II nuclear tests were conducted during this period where he played an intensive political and technological role. Kalam served as the Chief Project Coordinator, along with R. Chidambaram during the testing phase. Photos and snapshots of him taken by the media elevated Kalam as the country's top nuclear scientist.
  • In 1998, along with cardiologist Dr.Soma Raju, Kalam developed a low cost Coronary stent. It was named as "Kalam-Raju Stent" honouring them.
  • In 2012, the duo, designed a rugged tablet PC for health care in rural areas, which was named as "Kalam-Raju Tablet".
  • Source : quora 
Poetry  :


Songs :

My National Prayer
:
The grand Scene of birth of Independent India 
In that mid-night, the flag of the ruler of two centuries lowered; The tri-color Indian flag flaps in the Red Fort in the midst of National Anthem.
The first vision of Independent India was dawned.

The rejoice everywhere, happiness all around,
There was a tender cry: where is the father of the nation? 
The white clothed soul walking in the midst of sorrows and pain,
Injected by hatred and ego, the result of communal violence.

The father of the nation, Mahatma, walking bare footed
In the streets of Bengal for peace and harmony
With the strength of blessed soul of Mahatma 
I pray the Almighty: When will be the dawn of second vision?

Create thoughts in the minds of my people,
And transform those thoughts into action. 
Embed the thought of Nation being bigger than 
The individual, in the minds of leaders and people.

Help all the leaders of my country to give strength
And bless the nation with peace and prosperity.
Give strength to all my religious leaders to bring 
'Unity of Minds' among all our billion people 

Oh Almighty, bless all my people to work and transform
Our country from a developing into a developed nation. 
Let this second vision be born out of sweat of my people,
And bless our youth to live in Developed India. 

MY SONG
PIOs tribute to Mother India


O Mother, Mother India,
You have nursed us and grown us, 
And gave us a parting mission 
And an eternal message.

“O my sons and daughters, 
Wherever you go, 
Whatever mission you do, 
Remember my children, 
My three advices golden!

Always be truthful even in danger,
Sweat and sweat to acquire, 
Knowledge and name, 
Wherever you live enrich that land.

O, Mother we crossed the oceans and seas
With many generation of yours with your blessings,
We made new lands prosperous,
We made knowledge as the way of life
Sweat as the way of life and 
We give and give to honour you

What we do is for honoring you,
We will always be children yours,
Wherever we are, 
Whatever we do, 
We will always be children yours!.
O Mother, Mother India.

GLORY TO CHHATTISGARH
Glory to the great people of Chhattisgarh.

I have moved and moved many times, 
In the dense forests of Chhattisgarh, 
The heartland of the nation.
It was indeed a beautiful and memorable mission.

Joy entered into me to be part of fragrant flowers and the music of Chitrakote falls,
Beauty penetrated into me and cheered with happiness.
Again, my heart blossoms to see you friends, 
On this great foundation day.

Let me salute the martyrdom of Veer Narain Singh on this day,
In this great land, unfolded the revolution - Bhoomkal, 
Born was the peace mission and unity of minds of Guru Ghasidas, 
Khoobchand dreamt a prosperous land.

In the valley of Mahanadi, 
I see a developed India, happy India emerging.
Sweat of the hardworking people, 
Radiating in the lotus heart of this land.

Glory to the great people of Chhattisgarh.

Song Of Youth


As a young citizen of India, armed with technology, knowledge and love for my nation, I realize, small aim is a crime.
I will work and sweat for a great vision, the vision of transforming India into a developed nation, powered by economic strength with value system
I am one of the citizens of the billion; Only the vision will ignite the billion souls.
It has entered into me ; The ignited soul compared to any resource is the most powerful resource on the earth, above the earth and under the earth.
I will keep the lamp of knowledge burning to achieve the vision - Developed India
If we work and sweat for the great vision with ignited minds, the transformation leading to the birth of vibrant developed India will happen.
I pray the Almighty: "May the divine peace with beauty enter into our people; Happiness and good health blossom in our bodies, minds and souls".
A.P.J. Abdul Kalam


Source : http://www.abdulkalam.nic.in/
More :----

Kalam's 10 commandments for India beyond 2020

Awards and honours


Source : Wikipedia

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